New Jersey State Bird - Stieglitz - (2023)

New Jersey State Bird - Stieglitz - (1)

New Jersey State Bird - Goldfinch

eastern goldfinch(sad cards)known today as the American Goldfinch or Wild Canary, it is the official state bird of New Jersey.It was officially adopted by the New Jersey legislature on June 27, 1935.

They are small and bright in color. They feed on the seeds of flowers such as dandelions, ragweed, and sunflowers. Goldfinches are unique among other insectivorous birds in that they almost always have a purely plant-based diet.

You can find these pretty birds at the edges of the woods and at backyard feeders. The eastern goldfinch is also the state bird ofIowa.

Entry by John James Audubon, FR SS. LAY.


[American Goldfinch.]

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This species only crosses the state of Louisiana in early January, and is seen for only a few days at that time of year, roosting in small groups of eight to ten males and females in the highest treetops near stream courses. water. They feed on opening maple blossoms and others around this time, which are just as tender and juicy. In the month of November they are seen moving south again, and only for a few days.

A few breed in Kentucky and Ohio, but the central counties are their main summer refuges, although they extend their migrations to high latitudes. They arrive in upstate New York in mid-April; and as they become very numerous in that state during the summer, I will describe their habits observed there.

The flight of the American goldfinch is exactly the same as that of the European bird of the same name, it takes place in deeply curved lines, alternately rising and falling after each propulsion movement of the wings. It almost never describes one of these curves without emitting two or three tones as it ascends, as its European relative does on similar occasions. In this way, its flight extends over considerable distances, often moving in a circular direction before descending. Their migration takes place during the day. They seldom land on the ground except to fetch water, in which they wash with great vivacity and delight, after which they pick up a few particles of gravel or sand. They love each other's company so much that a group of them flying by will change course if a single one in a tree calls. This call is uttered with great emphasis: the bird prolongs its usual tone, without much change, and as the group approaches, it straightens its body and moves it to the left and right as if turning on a pivot, apparently enchanted, to show the beauty of its plumage and the elegance of its manners. Scarcely has the herd dismounted, which was formerly on the wings, than the whole company jumps out, and then gives a sweet little concert. The song of our goldfinch so resembles that of the European species that, while in France and England, I often thought with pleasure that it was the sounds of our own bird that I heard. In America, too, the song of the goldfinch reminded me of its transatlantic relatives and also brought a feeling of gratitude for the many acts of hospitality and kindness I experienced in the "old country."

The nest, too, is exactly like that of the European bird, being externally composed of various lichens, held together by saliva, and lined with the softest substances. Small and extremely beautiful, it is usually attached to a Lombardy poplar branch, sometimes on only one side of the branch. I have also found it on elderberry bushes a few feet above the ground and on other trees. The female lays four to six eggs, which are bluish-white in color andNew Jersey State Bird - Stieglitz - (2)marked with reddish-brown spots at larger end. They only raise one brood per season. The young follow their parents for a long time, are mouth-fed like canaries, and gradually learn to do it themselves. If the female is disturbed in her nest, she will creep to a neighboring tree and call her mate, turning on her feet as described above. Approaching the intruder at a respectful distance, the male passes over and over the wing, in turns deeper than usual, and emits his usual call, and when the unwanted visitor leaves, joyfully flies to his nest, accompanied by the female. who is currently resuming her profession.

The American goldfinch's diet consists primarily of hemp, sunflower, lettuce, and various species of thistle seeds. Occasionally eats the fruits of the elder in winter.

Ascending along the banks of the Mohawk River in August, I met more of these pretty birds in one day's march than anywhere else; and whenever a thistle was seen on either bank of the New York Canal, it was festooned with one or more goldfinches. They pluck drooping and withered petals from mature flowers with ease, leaning on them and eating the seed, leaving the fluff to float in the air. The remarkable plumage of the male, as well as his song, are very pleasant at this time of the year; and these birds are so familiar that they will let you pass a few meters before leaving the plant on which they perch. For a considerable distance along the Genessee River, the shores of Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, and even Lake Superior, I have always seen them in late summer. So they have a decided preference for being near water.

It is an extremely hardy bird and often stays in the middle ranges throughout the winter, though never in large numbers. If he is deprived of his freedom, he will live until old age in a room or cage. I know of two cases where a bird of this species has been caged for more than ten years. They were purchased in mature plumage from the New York market and caught in trap cages. One of them, who had undergone the rigorous training inflicted more often in Europe than in America, and known in France as the Galleries, drew water for his drink from a glass attached to a small chain on a narrow belt attached to his chest. soft water. , leather was tied around its body, and another equally light chain, attached to a small pail, was held in the water by its weight until the little one picked it up in its beak, put a foot on it, and seized it again. Cadena tugged until he reached the desired liquid and drank when the bucket, being released, immediately fell into the glass below. In the same way she had to carry a small cart full of seeds to her peak; and in this tormenting occupation he was doomed to live a life of lonely sadness, apart from his companions, feasting on the wildflowers and procuring his livelihood as nature had taught them. After being caught in trap cages, they feed as if they are quite content; but when they have lost their freedom in the spring, and are thus deprived of the joys expected from former association with a mate, they linger a few days and die. It is more difficult to get a mule breeding between our species and the canary than between the latter and the European goldfinch, although I know of many cases where it has been tried with complete success.

Young males do not appear in full plumage until the following spring. The old men lose their beauty in winter and take on the duller tones of the females. In fact, young and old of both sexes look alike at this time of year.

There is a trait of intelligence in this bird that is quite remarkable and worthy of the attention of naturalists who love to contrast instinct and reason. When a goldfinch perches on a branch soaked in bird's tail specifically for support, as soon as it discovers the nature of the insidious substance, it darts back with closed wings and hangs in this position until the bird —lime is considerable in shape a thin thread ends under the branch, when it feels reasonably safe, it flaps its wings and flies away, no doubt with the intention of never landing in such a place again; seeing goldfinches that had escaped me in this way flutter over a branch when they wanted to perch on a branch, whether or not it was covered with bird lime, as if to make sure they could sit on it safely.

This interesting species is found on the banks of the Columbia River. dr. RICHARDSON mentions that he is visiting the furlands, where he arrives very late, as he retires in September after a stay of less than three months. The eggs which this ardent naturalist has described agree in all respects with some before me which I myself have collected. They are just over five and a half eighths long, four and a half eighths wide, and are very blunt at one end and sharp at the other. my friend dr BACHMAN informs me that "although this bird is not uncommon in the Maritime Districts of South Carolina in winter, it has not been observed breeding within a hundred miles of Charleston." T. M. BREWER states that it "remains in Boston year-round, breeds in large numbers, and is seen constantly hovering in large flocks in dull winter plumage."

Abundant in the central and western districts in summer. Coincidentally in the southern states in the winter. Columbia River and Abundant Fur Countries. wandering.

AMERICAN JULY, Fringe sadsis, Wils. American Orn., vol.i. p.20
FRINGILLA TRISTIS, Bonap. Sin., S. 111

AMERICAN CARDUELIS (Edwards), American Stieglitz, Swains. & Rich.F. Morning. Amer., Bd. ii. p. 268.

YELLOW BIRD or American jilguero, Nutt. man, volume i. p. 507.

JULY AMERICANISCHER, Fringilla tristis, Aud. Orn. Biog., Bd. i. p. 172; Bd. v. p. 510

Quite thin bill, second and third feathers longer. males lemon yellow, yellowish white towards the back; top of head, wings and tail black; lesser coverts yellow, spines fringed, and secondary coverts tipped yellowish-white; the inner webs of the tail feathers are white in their terminal half. female olive brown above, no black on head; Front neck and breast greyish yellow, the rest of the underparts greyish white. Young like the female, like the male in winter.

Male, 4 1/2, 8.

The American goldfinch is tooIowa state birdYWashington state bird

Portions copyright ©Richard R. Buonanno, 1995
Web version of the work of John James Audubon. "The Birds of America"
Porciones copyright © Creative Multimedia Corp., 1990-91, 1992
Published with permission of Marchex, Inc.

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